Accepted for Publication:

Shi'ism in America  NYU Press.  (Published 2009)


2011: "Giving Voices to the Voiceless: Female Converts to Shi’i Islam in the United States and Canada" (co-authored with A. Inloes), Journal of the American Academy of Religion

2011: "Let Us Come to a Common Word: The Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue in Modern Times", Hikmah


Journal Articles:


"The Study of Shi'ite Islam in North American Universities" Muslim World (forthcoming in 2012)


“American Shi’ism and the Media.” The Bright Future, 6 (2011): 23-34.


"The Ground Zero Mosque Controversy: Implications for American Islam" Religions 2 (2011): 132-144.


“Peace and War in the Qur’an and Juridical Literature: A Comparative Perspective.” The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 28, no. 2 (2011): 137-158.


"The Indigenization and Politicization of American Islam," Politics and Religion Journal, 5 no. 1 (2011): 115-127..


"The Ten Commandments and the Tablets in Shi‘i and Sunni Tafsir Literature: A Comparative Perspective." The Muslim World  101, no. 1 (2011): 94-109.


"War and Peace in the Islamic Sacred Sources." Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies, 4, no. 1 (2011): 5-22.


“Preserving or Extending Boundaries? The Black Shi‘is of America.” The Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 30, 2 (2010): 237-249.


"Reinterpretation or Reformation: Shi‘i Law in the West." Journal of Shia Islamic Studies, 3, 2 (2010): 141-165.


"From Pacifism to Activism: Engaging the Muslim Other in America." Shi'a Affairs Journal, 2 (2009): 1-20.


“A Minority with Diversity: The Shi‘i Community in America,” The Journal of Islamic Law and Culture (Fall 2008).

“Ethnicity and Culture: Immigrant and Black Shi‘is in America” Journal of the American Academy of Religion (Fall 2008).

“Ijtihad and the Reform Movement in Contemporary Shi‘ism” American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, special edition on Texts and Society in Islamic Cultures, ed. Todd Lawson. (2008).

“Holy Peace or Holy War: Tolerance and Co-existence in the Islamic Juridical Tradition.” Islam and Muslim Societies, 4, no. 2 (2007).

“The Origins of and Authentications in Shi‘i Biographical Literature.” American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 24, no. 4 (2007): 26-49.

“Offering Complete or Shortened Prayers? The Traveler’s Salat at the Holy Places.” The Muslim World, 96, no. 3 (2006): 401-422.

“Charismatic Appeal or Communitas? Visitation to the Shrines of the Imams.” Journal of Ritual Studies 18, no. 2 (2004): 106-120.

“From Conversion to Conversation: Interfaith Dialogue in Post-911 America.” The Muslim World 94, no. 3 (2004): 343-55.

“Combining the Two Prayers: Sectarian Polemics in the Juridical Literature.” International Journal of Shi‘i Studies 1, no. 2 (2004): 95-129.

“Authority Construction in Biographical Texts: The Cases of Humran b. A‘yan and Mu’min al-Taq.” International Journal of Shi‘i Studies 1, no. 1 (2003): 125-55.

“Adoration in Islamic Mystical Tradition.” Prabuddha Bharata (“Awakened India”) (2002): 43-45.

“From Bid‘a to Sunna: The Wilaya of ‘Ali in the Shi‘i Adhan.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 120, no. 2 (2000): 66-77.

“Foreign Influences on American Shi‘ism.” The Muslim World 90 (2000): 459-77.

Book Articles:

“Shi’ite Muslims,” in The [Oxford] Handbook of American Islam, edited by Yvonne Haddad and Jane Smith, (forthcoming in 2013).

 “Then and Now: A History of Ijtihad in Twelver Shi’ism,” in Shi’i Historiography, ed.    Abbas Ahmadvand, (forthcoming in 2012).

 “Ijtihad and the Derivation of New Rulings in Contemporary Shi’ism” in Alternative Islamic Discourses and Religious Authority, ed. Carool Kersten, Ashgate, (forthcoming   2012).

“Idealization or Realization: The Methodology of Ayatullah al-Khu'i in his Mu`jam al- Rijal,” in Text and Tradition: Post-16th Century Shii Scholarship, ed. Ahab Bdaiwi, Edinburgh University Press, forthcoming 2012.

“The Shi‘ite Tradition in Islam,” in World Religions: Communities and Cultures, ed. Jacob Neusner, Abingdon Press, forthcoming in 2010

“The Qur’anic and Prophetic Model of Peaceful Coexistence and Ethical Conduct,” in The Prophetic Paradigm for Humankind, ed. Imtiyaz Yusuf, (Thailand) forthcoming in 2008.

“The Ten Commandments in Shi‘i and Sunni Tafsir Literature: A Comparative Perspective,” ed. Charles Cohen. Lubar Institute for the Study of the Abrahamic Religions, forthcoming in 2008.

“To Vote or not to Vote: The Politicization of American Islam,” In Politics and Religion in France and the United States, eds. John Kelsay, Alec Hargreaves and Sumner B. Twiss. Lexington: Lexington Books, 2007.

“From Bid‘a to Sunna: The Wilaya of ‘Ali in the Shi‘i Adhan.” In Shi’ism: Critical Concepts in Islamic Studies, ed. Paul Luft and Colin Turner. Routeledge, 2007.

“Peace and Conflict Resolution in the Islamic Tradition.” In Religion, Terrorism and Globalization, Nonviolence: A New Agenda, ed. K. Kuriakose. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2006.

“Charismatic Appeal or Communitas? Visitation to the Shrines of the Imams.” In Contesting Rituals: Islam and Practices of Identity-Making, ed. Pamela J. Stewart and Andrew Strathern. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2005.

“Multiple Identities in a Pluralistic World: Shi‘ism in America.” In Muslims in the West: From Sojourners to Citizens, ed. Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad, 218-32. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

“Evolution in the Biographical Profiles of Two Hadith Transmitters.” In The Shi‘ite Heritage, ed. Lynda Clarke, 285-99. Binghamton, NY: Global Press, 2001.

“Shi‘i Institutes in North America.” In Ahlul Bayt Assembly of America: Abstract of Proceedings Convention of 1996, ed. Sayyed M. Hejazi & A. Hashim, 103-09. Beltsville, MD: International Graphics, 1997.

 Articles on Internet

"Women in Judaism, Christianity and Islam: A comparative perspective"
Seminar on "Women in Other Traditions" University of Isfahan, 2006

“The Ground Zero Mosque Controversy: Implications for American Islam” 2011


Articles in Encyclopedias:

Encyclopedia of Indian Religions, Springer, 2012

 S.v. "Khojas."


 Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, Tehran, 2012 

S.v.  “Imami Khojas.”

“Dar al-Salaam.”



World Book Encyclopedia, ed. Dawn Krajcik, 2011
S.v. “Islam.”

Encyclopedia Iranica, ed. Ahmad Ashraf, 2011
S.v. " Kashshi, Abu Amr Mohammad." Fascicle 1 of Vol. XV1 2011

Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History ed. I Curtis. Facts on File, 2010
S.v. “Shi‘a American Muslims.” 

World Book Encyclopedia ed. Dawn Krajcik. 2009
S.v. “Ashura.”
“Agha Khan.”

Encyclopedia of Islam in America, ed. Jocelyne Cesari. Greenwood Press, 2007.
S. v. “Shi‘a Communities.”
“Khomeini, Ayatollah.”
“Seestani, Ayatollah.”

Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures, ed. Suad Joseph. Koninklijke: Brill, 2004.
S.v. “Women, Gender and Islamic Law,”
“Women, Gender and Islamic Law – Additional Schools.”

Encyclopedia of Holy People, ed. Phyllis Jestice. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2004.
S.v. “‘Ali b. Husayn Zayn al-‘Abidin,”
“Hasan b. ‘Ali,”
“Husayn b. ‘Ali,”
“Ja‘far al-Sadiq.”

Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, ed. Jane D. McAuliffe. Leiden: Brill, 2004.
S.v. “Samson”

Encyclopedia of Religion and War, ed. Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez. New York: Routledge, 2004.
S.v. “Islam - Shi‘a.”

Religion and American Cultures: An Encyclopedia of Traditions, Diversity, and Popular Expression, ed. Gary Laderman and Luis Léon. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2003. S.v. “Shi‘ite Movements.”

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, ed. John Esposito. New York: Oxford University, 2003. S.v. “Banu al-Nadir,” “Banu Isra‘il,” “Banu Qurayza,” “Quraysh,” “Qusayy,” “Sujud,” “Tashahhud,” “Thamud,” “Wajib.”

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Modern World, ed. Richard C. Martin. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2003.
S.v. “An-Nafs al-Zakiyya”
“Ja‘far al-Sadiq.”




Dr. Liyakat Takim
Sharjah Chair in Global Islam
McMaster University, Religious Studies
University Hall, Room 116
1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario
Canada, L8S 4K1

Telephone: 905-525-9140 ext 20521
Fax: (905) 525-8161